Child Abuse

There are four main types of abuse:

Physical abuse

This is when someone hurts a child or young person on purpose. Physical abuse can include:

Signs and symptoms of physical abuse include:

Sexual abuse

Please visit our Child Sexual Exploitation section for more information.

Emotional abuse

Emotional abuse happens in many different ways. It can affect how a young person or child feels about themselves, how they feel they fit in, with friends, at school, or where they live.

Examples include:

Signs and symptoms of emotional abuse include:


Neglect is when a child or young person is not being properly looked after. This could damage their health or wellbeing. These very basic needs include:

Signs and symptoms of neglect include:

How to report any concerns

If your child tells you something that worries you, you should:

If you’re a child:

If you are a professional:

CEOP (Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre) have developed an excellent site which children and parents can access advice and safety tips.

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